1663 – The Royal Government
Since the founding of Quebec in 1608, New France was a trading post. It is considered a trading post because it was only used for the fur trade. The companies that ran it were mainly interested in making money and they did not succeed in populating New France.
In 1663, Louis XIV, the king of France, decided to take charge of New France and created a new government for the region.
A NEW GOVERNMENT
In 1663, New France had a new government. The colony was run by two men:
- a governor who was in charge of the army;
- a steward who was in charge of justice and the economy.
Jean Talon was the first steward of New France. Many settlers came to New France because of his initiatives.
TO BE MORE NUMEROUS – TO DEFEND THE TERRITORY
The English were the enemies of the French in Europe and in America. King Louis XIV wanted to protect New France. He did this by bringing more settlers to occupy and cultivate the land. He also brought more soldiers to defend the territory.
When Louis XIV took control over New France, it changed. It was no longer a trading post, but a colony.
Author: National Service of the Social Universe RECIT. Translated by LEARN
French if available (si disponible)